Typically the sole purpose of honey extractors as the name implies, is to remove honey from the spines without damaging or wiping out the honey combs as they be reused. These people are mechanical devices used for honey extraction right after the honey has already been harvested.
They have a drum the location where the honey comb is positioned and then this drum spins at such high speeds that the honey flings that is away of the combs leaving the comb without darling while remains intact inside the extraction chamber. Inside a nutshell centrifugal pressure is applied for the effective use of this device.
Before the sweetie is put in the extraction chamber for extraction it must be uncapped first, there are many tools you can use for uncapping the cells, and all of these can be bought from most beekeeping equipment suppliers. You may either use manual uncapping cutlery or forks but some beekeepers prefer to use power knives to uncap the combs.
All the taken out honey collects at the bottom of the removal chamber and most extractors have a tap at the bottom, where the collected can be drained out or honey pumps can be used to remove sweetie from the extraction chamber.
There are various types of honey extractors available with regards to the use and volume of combs you may plan to extract honey from. These include the tangential and radial extractors and they differ how the frames are located in the extractor's basket. Inside the redial extractor the frames are usually put with the top going through outwards and compared to the tangential extractors only the one side of the frames faces outwards & redial types are commonly used in commercial honey extraction.
Redial types require less amount of work compared to tangential extractors, because the honey combs don't need to be turned over to extract all of the honey in the combs. Honey extractors come in various sizes depending on designed use, for commercial use bigger extractors are being used for they can hold hundreds of structures at once allowing for gallons of honey to be extracted. But someone starting out in beekeeping will appear to use a little size extractor that holds about three to four frames at a time.
A good small scale extractor can cost a couple hundred bucks, but if you don't have the budget yet, you can still make your own and there are great ideas on the net which you can explore. I wouldn't worry too much about the price of an extractor as they are reasonable priced by most beekeeping supplies.
Once the extraction process is complete, you want to ensure that your honey is free of fragments from dead bees like legs, wings and other things. The simplest way to go about this is to filter your honey using at the very least a 400 or six-hundred micron filter, they can be reasonably bought for ten dollars or less and most filters have adjustable heads that can fit most bucket dimensions up to a 5 gallon bucket. These filter systems can be washed and sterilised and they are re-usable.